The regular removal of stain, plaque and tartar is absolutely essential to the long-term look and health of teeth and gums. The dental hygienist provides this service.
Bleaching is a very effective technique for lightening teeth. It will not, however, alter the appearance of existing fillings and crowns.
This can be used to remove blemishes on the surface of the teeth providing that the crevices that are holding the stain are not too deep.
This technique can be used to alter the shape of worn or chipped teeth - providing the damage is not too great. Composite materials are used to reshape defects and close spaces between teeth. The results are performed quickly, but the patient should be prepared to replace these restorations more frequently. Better long-term alternatives involve veneers or crowns.
When the cavity is large, an inlay may be needed for strength. These restorations are fabricated by a dental lab and usually require two or more appointments at the office for insertion.
These are thin porcelain surfaces that are bonded over the front tooth surface. Very little tooth reduction is needed in order to have a veneer. Veneers can be used to restore ageing teeth that are worn down, close spaces and change the colour of teeth or repair chipped teeth.
These are used when a tooth is heavily filled or was previously treated with a root canal treatment. Crowns provide excellent strength to the tooth while improving overall aesthetics.
Bridges are restorations designed to replace missing teeth. It involves reducing the size of the teeth next to the space that act as supports. There is a limit to the length which can be bridged and there needs to be a tooth support at each end for long term success.
These can be full (whole arch or whole mouth) or partial (replacing one or several teeth). All dentures are removable and have a tendency to move. To achieve stability, partial dentures need clasps (or hooks) to help the partial hang on to the natural teeth. Both partial and complete dentures can be made to appear quite natural using the latest artificial teeth and acrylics.
This type of tooth replacement involves the placing of a titanium metal root within the bone. This artificial root is allowed to integrate into the bone for a number of weeks before a crown or bridge is attached to it. During the healing phase, a temporary denture restores your smile.
This is a category of dentistry that concentrates on having your teeth look the best that they can be as well as lasting longer. It may include veneers, composite or ceramic inlays, crowns bridges and tooth coloured fillings.
Root Canal Treatment
There is often damage to the nerves and soft tissues inside your teeth requiring the need to have a root canal performed. Essentially this is the process of removing this soft tissue from inside the teeth to end pain, sensitivity or recurring infection.
Wisdom Tooth Removal
When a wisdom tooth does not develop properly it may not come up through the gum or it may only come through part way. In both cases it is better for long-term results to have the wisdom teeth removed to avoid future health problems.
Many people have sleeping problems related to snoring. Often this can be corrected by having the proper dental prosthesis in place.
Grinding Teeth (Bruxing)
Bruxing is the unintentional grinding together of your teeth. Most people do not even know that they are doing it because they are sleeping or concentrating on some activity. There needs to be therapy to keep the teeth from being damaged by the constant grinding.
Sports guards are a must for protecting teeth from having teeth damaged by sports activities. A custom fitted sports mouth guard reduces the number of sports injuries to the teeth.
Going to the dental office for regular checkups will be one of the most effective ways to keep your teeth and gums healthy. By a close examination and cleaning your dental professional will be able to detect early signs of tooth decay or damage to the gums
When there is damage to the gums often periodontal surgery is needed to restore the gums back to health. The damage that can be corrected depends on the type of damage and how extensive it is.
Teeth that need to be straightened to create a more beautiful smile or teeth that need to be moved so that a patient can chew properly can be done through orthodontic treatments. Some treatments are more extensive and require a long-term commitment or will require surgery.
Sealants are an excellent way to reduce the incidence of cavities in a young persons mouth. A sealant is simply a very thin layer of material that is bonded to the biting surface of the back teeth creating a barrier that protects the teeth from getting cavities.